exciting is a full-potential all-electron density-functional-theory (DFT) package based on the linearized augmented planewave (LAPW) method. It can be applied to all kinds of materials, irrespective of the atomic species involved, and also allows for the investigation of the core region. The website is http://exciting-code.org/

exciting’s implementation in ASE requires excitingtools which is a PyPI package that helps with the writing and reading of input/output files. https://pypi.org/project/excitingtools/

Currently, use of exciting is limited to ground state properties.

The ExcitingGroundStateCalculator is initialized with:

  • An ExcitingRunner object where the executable path is specified. If you’re only planning on writing input files and reading output files you can feed an empty string as the executable path to the ExcitingRunner option.

  • Ground state input options as a dictionary such as ngridk (k-points grid), rgkmax which dictates the muffin tin to planewave cutoff. More attributes can be found here: http://exciting-code.org/ref:groundstate

  • The directory where to run the calculation.

  • Species path directory where information about settings to use in terms of for example the muffin tin defaults for each species can be found.

  • Optional title that get’s given to the exciting ground state input xml file.

The calculator translates the ground state input options dictionary given into the exciting input XML file format, aptly named input.xml. Note, for running a simulation the $EXCITINGROOT environmental variable should be set: details at http://exciting-code.org/tutorials-boron

from ase import Atoms
from ase.calculators.exciting.exciting import ExcitingGroundStateTemplate

# test structure, not real
nitrogen_trioxide_atoms = Atoms(
    'NO3', cell=[[2, 2, 0], [0, 4, 0], [0, 0, 6]],
    positions=[(0, 0, 0), (1, 3, 0), (0, 0, 1), (0.5, 0.5, 0.5)],

gs_template_obj = ExcitingGroundStateTemplate()

# Write an exciting input.xml file for the NO3 system.
    directory='./', atoms=nitrogen_trioxide_atoms,
        "title": None,
        "species_path": './',
        "ground_state_input": {
            "rgkmax": 8.0,
            "do": "fromscratch",
            "ngridk": [6, 6, 6],
            "xctype": "GGA_PBE_SOL",
            "vkloff": [0, 0, 0]},

Here’s an example of a ground state input xml file created using the ExcitingGroundStateCalculator. Note, if you’re not interested in running A simulation and simply just writing the input file you can use the ExcitingGroundStateTemplate class’ write_input() method.

<?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?>
<input xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:noNamespaceSchemaLocation="http://xml.exciting-code.org/excitinginput.xsd">
  <structure speciespath="$EXCITINGROOT/species/" autormt="false">
      <basevect>1.88972595820018 0.00000000000000 0.00000000000000</basevect>
      <basevect>0.00000000000000 1.88972595820018 0.00000000000000</basevect>
      <basevect>0.00000000000000 0.00000000000000 1.88972595820018</basevect>
    <species chemicalSymbol="N" speciesfile="N.xml">
      <atom coord="0.00000000000000 0.00000000000000 0.00000000000000"/>
      <atom coord="0.00000000000000 0.00000000000000 0.00000000000000"/>
      <atom coord="0.00000000000000 0.00000000000000 0.00000000000000"/>
    <species chemicalSymbol="O" speciesfile="O.xml">
      <atom coord="0.50000000000000 0.50000000000000 0.50000000000000"/>
  <groundstate tforce="true" ngridk="1 2 3"/>
        <path steps="100">
          <point coord="0.75000   0.50000   0.25000" label="W"/>
          <point coord="0.50000   0.50000   0.50000" label="L"/>
          <point coord="0.00000   0.00000   0.00000" label="G"/>
          <point coord="0.50000   0.50000   0.00000" label="X"/>
          <point coord="0.75000   0.50000   0.25000" label="W"/>
          <point coord="0.75000   0.37500   0.37500" label="K"/>

The translation follows the following rules: String values are translated to attributes. Nested dictionaries are translated to sub elements. A list of dictionaries is translated to a list of sub elements named after the key of which the list is the value. The special key “text()” results in text content of the enclosing tag.

Muffin Tin Radius

Sometimes it is necessary to specify a fixed muffin tin radius different from the default. The muffin tin radii can be set by adding a custom array to the atoms object with the name “rmt”:

atoms.new_array('rmt', np.array([-1.0, -1.0, 2.3, 2.0] * Bohr))

Each entry corresponds to one atom. If the rmt value is negative, the default value is used. This array is correctly updated if the atoms are added or removed.

Exciting Calculator Class

class ase.calculators.exciting.exciting.ExcitingGroundStateCalculator(*, runner: SimpleBinaryRunner, ground_state_input, directory='./', species_path='./', title='ASE-generated input')[source]

Class for the ground state calculation.

  • runner – Binary runner that will execute an exciting calculation and return a result.

  • ground_state_input – dictionary of ground state settings for example {‘rgkmax’: 8.0, ‘autormt’: True} or an object of type ExcitingGroundStateInput.

  • directory – Directory in which to run the job.

  • species_path – Path to the location of exciting’s species files.

  • title – job name written to input.xml


Results returned from running the calculate method.

Typical usage:

gs_calculator = ExcitingGroundState(runner, ground_state_input)

results: ExcitingGroundStateResults = gs_calculator.calculate(

atoms: Atoms)